The term “Knowledge” refers to the ability to anticipate the consequences of one’s actions. For
instance, If X is aware of the swelling of Y’s intestines and any blows on them can cause severe
injury to Y, which leads to death. And on that part, the only X gives a blow to Y. Here X has
knowledge of the act he committed.
The first stage of crime is intention. The intention is the mental stage of crime. Intention to
commit a crime is seen from the act which a person commits. The act of giving poison to
someone indicates the person’s intention of killing another person. The overt act of an
individual will reveal his or her intention. Foreseeability of consequences is not enough to prove
intention. Desirability, as well as foreseeability, are necessary to constitute an intention. A
person’s intention can be determined by the circumstances and the use of the means, that
resulted in the criminal offense. There must be a prior intention to commit the act in order for
it to be considered a crime. An intention is a particular direction in which a person wants to
omit or commit an act prohibited by law. Since it is difficult to prove the guilty mind of a person
or the intention, mere intention without any action is not punishable by law.